“This is what I wanted,” beams the multiple Grammy-winning mix
engineer from amidst the glow of his NASA-sized collection of vintage outboard
gear at Electric Lady Studios. “I wanted a job where I’m totally responsible
for my success or failure. If a mix sucks, I’m failing.”
It’s hard to imagine that as possible. Brauer has applied his sonic sizzle
to recordings by Bob Dylan, the Rolling Stones, Coldplay, John Mayer,
Ben Folds, and Paul McCartney. Brauer’s mixes brim with kinetic energy,
as if they’re performances in their own right. “I had to find a way to turn
the console into an instrument,” says the former drummer. “This turned
out to be way easier than playing drums, because I only had to use two
hands, as opposed to two feet and two hands!
“I stopped drumming because although I didn’t know what I wanted,
I knew what I didn’t want—to be playing six sets a night in a bar at 50
years old. I didn’t want to own a music store or sell gear. I had recurring
nightmares about such things. It was like a Hitchcock movie.”
Brauer’s fascination with recording began while he was still
drumming. “In the band, I recorded all our
rehearsals using just a couple of mics. I learned
to balance sounds simply by having various
people hassle me about what they couldn’t hear.
On the road, I recorded our shows. I was
also the sound guy—I’d have all that gear
next to me.”
A recording course at the Eastman School of
Music set Brauer on his way. “I had no idea what
anything meant—wet, dry, EQ, cardioid, omni,
out-of-phase—but I wrote it all down. I wanted
to know if I could still be musical. I didn’t want
to be a drummer, but I still wanted to play. One
night, [legendary producer] Phil Ramone was around, and I’m watching
him move his hands, and thinking, ‘Wow, he’s playing the desk!’ A light
bulb went on.”
More after this exclusive video where Brauer talks about his favorite keyboard tracking techniques. Can't see it? CLICK HERE.
Magic at Mediasound
Brauer would cut his teeth at the revered midtown Manhattan recording
facility Mediasound, housed in a converted church on 57th Street.
“I started off in shipping,” he says. “Mediasound was where guys like
Bob Clearmountain were at the time. Shipping was like being an intern—
you’d deliver packages to record companies and do odd jobs. I was 25
years old and starting all over again, but I didn’t care. I knew what I wanted,
and I was in heaven. After 5 P.M., I offered to help on sessions. Harvey
Goldberg and Michael Delugg took me under their wings and became
my mentors. I basically lived at the studio. Not long after, I got hired as
an assistant engineer, got assignments to do little overdubs, and eventually,
to engineer my own sessions. Right from the beginning, I just sat at the mixing desk and felt like I was a puppeteer, like I was controlling all
these musician marionettes.
“It was all about learning the ‘instrument’,” he continues. “My biggest
problem back then, ironically, was that I just couldn’t hear compression.
I’d ask people and they’d play me different compressors, but I couldn’t
hear the difference. Then one day, it just clicked. I thought, ‘Wait a minute,
this is about an attitude. And tone.’ I learned how to transfer that irreplaceable
spontaneity of being in a killing band, using different pieces of
gear and the console to bring songs to life. I wanted to make records that
felt like they were being performed onstage. That was my approach right
from the get-go.”
Brauer’s signature sound began with improvising multi-bus compression
under fire, and grew into a stable of techniques he collectively calls
“I learned the traditional way of mixing,” he says,
“where you pre-compress a source, then bring it up
on the console. No matter what you did with fader,
up or down, it was compressed at a given level. Then
we’d mix into a stereo compressor, and that worked
well for a long time. Until I was mixing Aretha
Franklin’s “Freeway of Love.” Narada Michael Walden,
the producer, wanted way more bottom end. As I
added bottom, the vocals got smaller, because compressors
react to lows more than to highs. So I’d try
to bring the vocals up, and the bass would get smaller.
Nobody else seemed to be having this problem, but
I was, and it was terrifying. I had to find a solution.
“I was working at Right Track Studios in New York, and they’d just
gotten an SSL 6000, a movie console. It had three stereo busses, from
which you could choose, then sum to the final stereo bus. And I thought,
‘This is like being in a band. The drummer and bassist can get a sweet
sound without the guitarist or vocalist pushing them around. I immediately
started thinking about doing different things to each bus. That was
the beginning of what I called multi-bus compression.” Other Brauerizing
techniques include parallel compression, where a signal is multed to
two channels—one compressed and the other unprocessed; and sending
a lead vocal to multiple compressors, then blending their outputs to taste
on separate tracks.
We’ll show you five ways to Brauerize your own keyboard
tracks, then take you on a tour of his enviable signal chain. Brauer’s parting
advice: “Music is always changing. I can’t mix records today the way I
did five years ago. You have to do the opposite of what you’re comfortable
doing. The mind has to stay fresh.”
5 WAYS TO BRAUERIZE YOUR KEYBOARD TRACKS
1. Elton John Shimmering Piano
Try a Universal Audio LA-
2A compressor, or its Powered
Plug-In equivalent for
your UAD card, on piano, then boost frequencies around
8kHz with a Pultec or similar EQ.
2. Ben Folds Piano
Treat the piano as above,
but also boost EQ frequencies
around 4kHz, to
impart a brassier sound.
3. Distorted Organ
Try a tube
to inject realistic grit into your clonewheel sound. Brauer
likes Thermionic Culture’s Culture Vulture. In the software
realm, amp modelers such as IK AmpliTube work wonders
if used judiciously.
4. Woozy Wurly
To compliment the percussive
nature of most
Wurly parts, try adding
delay to impart added
rhythmic interest. Universal
Audio’s UAD replica of Roland’s RE-201 Space Echo
is great for recapturing that vintage vibe.
5. The Rhodes Less Traveled
Recreate the revered
sound by adding a
heavy dose of EQ,
boosting frequencies around 2,500Hz, and attenuating some
of the lower mids.
Want to see how all this gear is arranged in the racks? Visit www.mbrauer.com
“Our platform is Pro Tools HD8 on a Mac Pro,” says Brauer’s assistant, Ryan Gilligan, “with 24 channels
in and 64 out to our SSL 9000J console. The stereo out of the SSL goes to Rack 5 [at left] for
processing with stereo compressors or EQ’s. Rack 5 runs into a Pendulum PL-2 limiter to catch odd
transients, then an Amek box that distributes the mix to monitoring on the desk, our Prism A/D converters,
and Pro Tools for a backup print.
"We capture the main mix on a TASCAM DV-RA1000HD fed by the Prism.
"A second Prism stereo out with independent sample rate feeds our mastering
chain—a Waves L2 hardware limiter and prototype Z-Systems limiter printed to an Alesis Masterlink.
Everything in the room is clocked by an Antelope Isochrone Trinity.”
What about plug-ins? “The first plug we find indispensible is the Sonnox Oxford SuprEsser.
"I use it
on nearly every mix for de-essing and removing plosives or guitar squeaks. Another tool that makes my
life easier is iZotope RX. It’s unreal how it can remove unmusical noises without affecting anything
"I’m also looking forward to Drumagog 5 by WaveMachine Labs.”